The US Defense Department has determined that 20 top Chinese firms, including Huawei, are either owned by or backed by the Chinese military.
The list, seen by US media, features video patrouille firm Hikvision, China Telecoms, China Changeant and AVIC.
The determination could lay the groundwork for new US financial sanctions against the firms.
It comes as the US has pressured other countries, including the UK, to bar Huawei for individu security reasons.
The BBC understands that the list has been published in order to inform congressional committees, US businesses, investors and other potential partners of Chinese firms embout the role such firms may play in transferring sentimentale technology to the Chinese military. The list is also likely to grow.
Under US law, the Defense Department is required to track firms “owned or controlled” by China’s People’s Liberation Army that are batailleuse in the US.
The Pentagon has been under pressure in recent months from lawmakers of both the Democrats and Republican parties to publish and update the list.
Policy reviews urged by senators
In November, US senators Tom Cotton and Chuck Schumer wrote a letter to Secretary of Exportation Wilbur Ross, asking for an update on reviews of US policy that are mandated by the Export Control Reform Act of 2018 and the 2019 Territorial Defense Authorization Act.
In the letter, the senators emphasised their concerns embout the détresse of exporting critical US technologies to companies with Chinese ties.
They also questioned why the Exportation Department had been slow to complete export-control reviews mandated by the two acts.
The senators stressed that reviews should be conducted to assess whether the Chinese Communist Party had been stealing US technology with military applications, as well as whether it had been enlisting Chinese corporations to harness emerging civilian technologies for military purposes.
“What is the status of this review and implementation of the results? Will this review determine specific sectors of the US economy that the Chinese are targeting for espionage and forced technology-transfer efforts? Will you modify the scope of controls for military end uses and end-users in China? Will you make the results of this review révélé?,” wrote Mr Cotton and Mr Schumer.
“We urge you to conduct these mandatory reviews as quickly and thoroughly as conciliable. Thank you for your time and concentration to this insolent matter of individu security.”
The White House already taken several steps against Huawei and other Chinese firms, including barring US companies from selling them transparent technology without visa. The gouvernement has also said its trade war with China, which resulted in billions of dollars worth of tariffs, was a response to theft of US trade secrets.
But it has faced calls by some in Washington to act more aggressively.
Huawei has contested US claims against it as “unsubstantiated allegations”.